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Landmarks in the History of Science » Geoscience » Theorie mathematique des phenomenes thermiques produits par la radiation solaire, 1920

Theorie mathematique des phenomenes thermiques produits par la radiation solaire, 1920

Autor: Milutin Milankovitch
Cod: 5911
In stoc: Da

Detalii produs

First edition, very rare: the establishing work of modern climatology. This 
book was a crucial contribution in the history of the science. Today it is
recognized that Milutin Milankovitch is the founder of modern astronomical 
theory of climate change.

In this print appears for the first time the famous ''Milankovitch cycles'' and a
predictive pattern of earth's climate. The work was admired in the epoch by
Alfred Wegener, Wladimir Koeppen and Andrija Mohorovicic, forgotten many 
years, revived in 1955 (Cesare Emiliani), and in the 1970s (John Imbrie, N. J.
Shackleton, Andre Berger). In our days days, geoscientists such as George 
Kukla and Don Easterbrook are categorically influenced by M. Milankovitch.

"His main contribution to science dates from this time with his first monograph,
written in French and published in 1920 in the Publications of the Yugoslavian
Academy of Sciences and Arts of Zagreb by Gauthier Villars in Paris: Theorie
mathemathique des phenomenes thermiques produits par la radiation solaire.
It is the need to clarify and critically analyze all the calculations available at that
time which led him to write such a bible for the astronomical theory and
insolation. It is amazing to see that most of the fundamental concepts of the
astronomical theory developed by Milankovitch are already present in great
details in this monograph. 

In the first part, he formulates ways to compute the instantaneous and daily
insolation (incoming solar radiation) and the irradiation received over a season 
and for each hemisphere.

But a large part of the monograph is devoted to the impact of the atmosphere on
insolation and climate including the problem of the albedo-temperature feed-back
for which he introduced the idea of snowline. His development of one of the very 
first climate models (if not the first) based on physical principles is probably the  
most original contribution of Milankovitch to science, but unfortunately the least

In the second part, tables with numerical values are given for the interval from 
500,000 years BP to the present. These were based on Stockwell for the orbital 
elements and Pilgrim for the numerical values of the three astronomical elements. 
From these numerical values, he counted the number of cycles over 500,000 
years to identify the average period of climatic precession: 20,700, of obliquity: 
40,040 years, and of eccentricity: 91,800 years.

Andre Berger, ''A Brief History of the Astronomical Theories of Paleoclimates'' in A. Berger et al. (eds.), ''Climate Change'', Springer-Verlag Wien, 2012, pp. 116-117

The next orbital configuration of the Earth will lead to the inception of a new Ice

Gauthier-Villars et Cie, Paris, 1920, 8vo (16x24cm), pp. xvi, 339 : xxix tables and  
27 diagrames in text. Printed at the Archbishopric of Zagreb.
Paperback, original covers; uncut pages. A very fine unrestored copy.


Price: US $1,000,000.00  (a million dollars)